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How to water your trees 
Besides fertilizing trees, here is a very important tips for tree care ! ! ! The application of "Protium Hydroxide" is one of the single most important things you can apply to your trees and shrubs. (“Warning” If you drink it, your will eventually die.”) Ice also contains high concentrations of Protium Hydroxide. It is the cause of countless deaths each year. Excessive consumption can and will cause eventual DEATH ) Use it liberally, quantatively and frequently. It is not available in your garden supply store or local nursery. However, is available in your local grocery store and better still at the end of your water hose.      It is H2O !
Tree Shade Umbrella by Design Trees naturally form their design much like an umbrella and the purpose is to protect the transport roots from its’ trunk outward to the edge of the canopy or drip line. Trees don’t like wet feet, and excess water in this zone (see irrig-pic2 ) can cause root rot and numerous other health problems. It would be like you wearing rubber boots and filling them with water. At the end of the day, remove the water filled boots and check your feed…. They are NOT too pretty ! ! . . . . Eh ! !.
Watering under the tree canopy is not very beneficial for tree health care. So always water out beyond the tree canopy.. . . . . See photo illustrations below.
The best place to apply water differs for newly planted and established trees. Newly planted trees: Immediately after planting, all tree roots are in the original root ball area. Until new roots grow into the soil of the planting site, water the original root ball area and just beyond this area. The root ball area may dry out faster than the surrounding soil, so check the moisture in this area frequently for the first month or two after planting. See How to plant a new container-grown tree  for more details on watering newly-planted trees. A newly planted tree may take 1-2 years to become established. Larger container stock trees may take longer to become established than smaller stock
Where to irrigate The best place to apply water differs for newly planted and established trees. Newly planted trees: Immediately after planting, all tree roots are in the original root ball area. Until new roots grow into the soil of the planting site, water the original root ball area and just beyond this area. The root ball area may dry out faster than the surrounding soil, so check the moisture in this area frequently for the first month or two after planting. See How to plant a new container-grown tree  for more details on watering newly-planted trees. A newly planted tree may take 1-2 years to become established. Larger container stock trees may take longer to become established than smaller stock
How to irrigate You can apply water effectively using sprinklers, drip irrigation, or a hose running on the soil surface. Regardless of how you apply the water, follow these basic rules Water deeply rather than frequently. Because most tree roots are found in the upper 18 - 24 inches of the soil, this is the zone that should be wetted up in each irrigation cycle. Each deep irrigation will meet a tree's water needs for between 10 days to 2 weeks during the hottest part of the summer, depending on the tree species and soil type. Water the feeder root zone out beyond the canopy as illustrated in ( Photo irrig-pic2 and irrig-pic3 )
                                        irrig-pic3 Stop watering when runoff starts. Soils high in clay accept water slowly, often as little as 1/4 inch per hour. Water infiltration is especially slow in compacted soils. If water starts to pool or run off, stop irrigating, let the water soak in, and start watering again. Repeat on/off cycles until you apply enough water to wet the soil to 18-24 inches. This may take a number of cycles over several consecutive days. Don't saturate the soil for long periods. Water displaces air in the soil, so long periods of soil saturation can suffocate growing roots. Take a long enough break between irrigation cycles to allow the free water to be absorbed. If in doubt, probe or dig to make sure that the soil isn't soggy below the surface. How much water does my tree need? Tree irrigation needs change over time. The amount of irrigation your tree will need can be affected by: Tree age - A newly planted tree will need more frequent irrigation than an established tree because its root system is more limited. Root damage - An established tree that suffers root loss or damage (for instance, due to trenching within the root zone) may need additional irrigation until new roots grow to replace those that are destroyed. Time of the year - The need for irrigation is greatest in mid to late summer, when temperatures are the highest and most of the moisture stored in the soil over the winter has been depleted. Weather conditions - In drought years, soil moisture is used up earlier in the season, so the period of peak water need is longer. Some trees that do not normally need irrigation may benefit from irrigation in drought years. In very wet years, irrigation may not be needed until early summer or later. Soil conditions - Water used by trees is stored in the soil. Soil type, depth, and condition influence how much water can be stored in the soil, and consequently how often you may need to water. Soils that have more clay hold more water and can be irrigated less frequently. Sandy soils hold relatively little water and need more frequent irrigation. Species - Some tree species require no additional irrigation once established, whereas others will do poorly without consistent irrigation throughout the summer How to water your tree   http://www.phytosphere.com/vtf/treewater.htm   "The Measure of a Tree" Since the beginning of time, throughout the entire world forests, all trees intentionally grow under stressful conditions. Every climatic region and climatic eco-system will challenge and test a tree's ability to grow and survive. In all our forests, survival and time is what Ancient Champion Trees really are made of ! Jim Rediker,Arborist              
tree shade - umbrella design
irrig -  pic1
irrig - pic2